Introduction

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Farm Science Centre) is an innovative science based institution which was given shape by Indian Council of agricultural Research (ICAR) after recommendation of Mehta Committee (1973) with prime mandate to impart vocational training to the farmers and field level extension workers. Accordingly, in the proposal it was recommended to have one Krishi Vigyan Kendra in every district of Indian Union for effective transfer of technology developed in the laboratory for the field application at farmer's level. The concept of vocational training in Agriculture through KVK grew substantially due to greater demand for improved agricultural technology by the farmers. They not only required knowledge and understanding of the intricacy of technologies but also progressively more and more skills in various complex agricultural operations for adoption on their farms. The effectiveness of the KVK was further enhanced by adding the activities related to on-farm testing and frontline demonstration on major agricultural technologies in order to make the training of farmers location specific, need based and resource. The training programmes were designed to impart the latest knowledge to the farmers through work experience by applying the principles of teaching by doing and learning by doing. The prime goal of KVK is to impart training as per needs and requirements in agriculture and allied enterprises to all farmers, farm women and farm youths including school dropouts in the rural areas for self employment and enhancing the productivity. While designing the courses the concept of farming system as well as farming situation are taken into account to ensure that the enterprises in which they are trained and commercially and ecologically viable, sustainable and profitable. Such vocational trainings help them to sustain themselves through self employment and to make them self reliant economically and thus discourages them to migrate to the urban areas. KVK provides training not only in Agriculture and allied vocations but also in other income generating activities that may supplement the income of farm families. The methods employed in training could be formal and informal or a combination of both, depending upon the needs and training emphasis remains to be on work experience, as suggested by Dr. Mohan Singh Mehta committee Report(1970) ie. “The programme should be operated as a plan of continuing education both in the technical and general sense”.


About KVK Dhemaji


KVK, Dhemaji has been functioning its extension activities only from November, 2007 in the district. The district is the most remotely located on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra. The district is chronically flood affected and in July, 2007 heavy flood caused severe damage to the people of the district, specially in Bordoloni area breacing of the NH 52 with waist depth water level on the high way. Most of the people of the area rendered homeless. At its first leg of its activity, a FLD programme on Summer rice (cv. `Chandrama` and `Joymoti`) was conducted at Chowkham village, Bordoloni in an area of 3.0 ha. The natural water source was utilized for irrigation. A SHG was formed with 17 families and the members were trained up through imparting training. Extensive visit to the village encouraged the SHG members. A field day was organized on 17.05.2008 where 108 farmers including extension personnels attended. A bumper harvest of 60 qtl/ha was recorded. The farmers were highly satisfied with the crop performance.



Location of KVK Dhemaji



Objectives of KVK


The broad objectives of KVKs are


i) To promptly demonstrate the latest agricultural technologies to the farmers as well as extension workers of State Departments of Agriculture/Horticulture/Fisheries/Animal Science/Non Government Organizations with a view to reduce the time lag between the technology generation and its adoption.
ii) To test and verify the technologies in the socio-economic conditions of the farmers with a view to study the production constraints and to modify the technologies to make them appropriate.
iii) To impart training to the practicing farmers/farm women, rural youth and field level extension functionaries by following the method of "teaching by doing" and "learning by doing".
iv) To back up with training and communication support to the district level development departments, viz., Agriculture/Horticulture/fisheries/Animal Science and Non Government Organizations in their extension programmes.

Role of KVK in changing perspectives of global agricultural scenario


i) In the eve of globalization and changing nature of agricultural systems, KVK will assess and refine different technologies for farmers and assist them to choose the technologies to be adopted in their system.
ii) Management of the new technologies at farmers level and providing feed back to the research system for refinement.
iii) Helps in proper utilization of man made and natural resources.
iv) Diversification of agricultural system
v) Adoption of need and market based farming systems
vi) Increasing the risk bearing capacity of farmers by popularizing group or collaborative approaches and integration of farming systems.
vii) Effective forward and backward linkages.
viii) Protection of farmers' right and educating them about trade treaties and preparedness required for the change.


Background of KVK Dhemaji


Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dhemaji came into being in June, 2007 with the joining of its Programme Co-ordinator. The present Head Quarter is at Silapathar town, a small but commercially busy town located at a distance of 35 km from district H.Q. Dhemaji. The permanent site is selected at Dimow, a 15 km distant place from Silapathar town having an area of 200 bigha (27 ha) . The National Highway 52 and Railway tract connecting Rangiya and Murkongselek are passing by the site. The area is on the north of both these two communicating road and rail ways and falls in the foot hills zone of Arunachal Pradesh. With more than 80 per cent area of high land, the area is suilable for establising a Model Farm to showcase the modern as well as traditional tribal/ non-tribal ITKs for overall development of agriculture and allied sectors to usher a new era in uplifting the socio-economic conditions of the poverty-striven farming community of the entire Dhemaji district.


Our Vision


Sustainable livelihood security through Live Better with the Flood Approach.
Natural Resource Management for Evergreen Revolution.
Yawning productivity gaps of rice - the major food crop.
Bridging yield gaps in Oilseeds and Pulse crops.
Diversification of agriculture. Horticulture sector as an important avenue for diversification in agriculture in an eco-friendly manner through efficient land use, optimum utilization of natural resources and creation of employment opportuni-ties , particularly for rural unemployed youth and women.
Organic farming of potential vegetable crops.
Augmentation of milk productivity through Artificial Insemination.
Scientific livestock management to meet the demand for milk, egg, meat.
Waste land development through pisciculture.
Scientific Muga production and value addition
Exploration of better marketing avenues and value addition of farm produce for better price.